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Manu Cloud Forest, fothill and Lowland 13D/12N

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Heath River and Sandoval 6D/5N

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Manu National Park from the Andes to the Lowlands 9D/8N

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Cusco and Machupicchu Birding Tour 5D/4N

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Manu Cloud Forest and Foothill 5D/4N

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Manu National Park from the Andes to the Lowlands 9D/8N

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14D/13N North Birding Route Tour

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Lima - Cusco - Machupicchu -Lima 5D/4N

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Manu National Park form the Andes to the Lowlands 9D/8N

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  • “Percy might enjoy this. We had a wonderful trip even with all the rain! Thanks for making it happen.”

    Molly White, White, A. Clinton (Usa-texas birding cloud forest)

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    As promised the picture of the Black-and-Chestnut Eagle from our trip to the Manu Cloud Forest. The trip gave us 45 livers. We enjoyed it very much. Thanks to you.”

    Kurt and Michèle

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    Thank you for the professional guiding down at Manu. Both Katya and I really enjoyed meeting you and your assisting us with the filming.”

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CUSCO

GENERAL INFORMATION

According to some chroniclers, in the first centuries of the existence of this most important city in pre – Columbian South America, its name was Akamana that according to Guaman Poma de Ayala means "chicha mother" (chicha is a fermented corn beer) Possibly it was Aqhamama in the modern Quecha spelling or "chicha mother". When this was the ancient Capital of the Tawantinsuyo, it was named as Qosqo, word that is translated as "navel" or "center". That is the regular name for any Quechua speaking Andean Man.
The city of Cusco extends throughout the Watanay river valley. Located on the eastern end of the Knot of Cuzco, its elevation is around 3,300 m (10,800 ft). North is the Willkapampa mountain range with 4,000 m – 6,000 m high mountains. The highest peak is Sallqantay (6,271 m) about 60 km (37.28 mi) northwest of Cusco.

Climate

Cusco has a subtropical highland climate. Its climate is generally dry and temperate, with two defined seasons. The dry season lasts from April to October, with abundant sunshine, and occasional nighttime freezes: July is the coolest month with an average of 9.6 °C (49.3 °F). The wet season lasts from November to March, with night frost less common: November averages 13.4 °C (56.1 °F). Although frost and hail are common, snow is virtually unheard of. The only snowfall ever recorded was in June 1911.

Qosqo History

It is till remains in the past's obscurity the conditions and date when man began inhabiting this continent .However the most accepted version says that the American man came from the Asian Continent and that taking advantage of the ocean freezes the Bering Strait could cross to this side of the world. In the case of Peru, in 1969 Mac Neish revealed the oldest dates for the Peruvians: 18 to 20 thousand years B.C. for the Pacaiçasa Man around Ayacucho .That age is beyond the logical sphere because it was determined using the absolute date technique of the Radiocarbon or Carbon 14. Since that remote time man moved himself through different spots in the Peruvian Andes. In the Qosqo region there were some pre ceramic settlements, thus the oldest ones and still gatherers were the man of Yauri and Chumbivilcas with an approximate age of 5 thousand years B.C. later we had the Shepherds of the Canas and Chawaytiri areas and even later as farmers the Men of Qorqa. It is in the formative period when man appeared in the Watanay Valley (Qosqo Valley). The oldest sedentary settlement in a first phase in this valley was began in Marcavalle on the eastern part of the present-day city with relatively organized population of farmers and shepherds using pottery approximately since 1000 B.C. Organized life in Qosqo City began practically these. Today Qosqo City considered the oldest living city of the American Continent with a continuous occupation of about 3000 years until today. In a second phase, the Chanapata culture was developed about 800 B.C. Later, we had the Regional States and one of the first was that of Qotakalli around 600 A.D. Probably by 750 A.D. the Wari invasion happened, they constructed the buildings of what today we name Pikillaqta. Subsequently by 800 A.D. the Regional State of Killki was formed and later that of Lucre about 1000 A.D. What is traditionally known as the Inka Civilization (empire or state) began approximately by 1200 A.D. in its initial phase, and later around 1400 A.D. in its expansive phase. One of the most difficult epochs in the city's life was begun in 1533 with the arrival and subsequent Spanish invasion and ethnocide.

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